What is Back Pain?

Back pain, also known as Dorsalgia, is a common discomfort that can range from mild to severe and can affect people of all ages. It refers to any kind of pain or discomfort experienced in the area of the back, which includes the upper back (thoracic region), the middle back (lumbar region), and the lower back (lumbar region).



Different Types of Back Discomfort

The spine involves a complex system of interconnected bones, joints, nerves, ligaments, and muscles that all work together to provide strength and flexibility. However, the multiple points of articulation make the spine more vulnerable to damage and discomfort over time. Pain can range from a faint aching to a strong stabbing sensation, and can last from less than 6 weeks, to being a chronic condition. Based on the duration, the classification of pain includes:

man with lower back pain, lumbago
  • Acute (lasting less than six weeks)

  • Sub-chronic (6 to 12 weeks)

  • Chronic (lasting more than 12 weeks)  

Symptoms Can Also Include:

  • Dull, persistent pain
  • Sudden shooting pain
  • Radiating pain down the leg, hip, or buttock
  • Sharp, intense pain
  • Muscle spasms
  • Pain that worsens with activity
  • Increased pain at rest or while sitting/standing
  • Morning stiffness easing with activity

Causes of Back Pain

The underlying cause of back discomfort includes mechanical causes, non-mechanical causes, or referred pain symptoms normally improve within a few weeks after onset, with 40–90 percent of patients fully healed by six weeks. This is common among job-related injuries. Furthermore, low back discomfort will affect a minimum of 80% of Americans at some point during their lives. Ketamine infusion therapy has been explored as a treatment option for chronic back pain, particularly when other traditional treatments have not been successful.

Conditions Associated With Lower Back Pain

While uncommon, some Orthopedic Spine Specialists may use the medical term “Lumbago” as a blanket term to refer to general lower back discomfort and pain. Additionally, many conditions can contribute to lumbago, and patients should consult a spinal specialist in order to make an accurate diagnosis. Some causes of Lumbago can include:

          • Herniated Discs: Abnormal disc bulging or rupture in the lower spine.
          • Osteoarthritis: Joint degeneration of lower spine joints.
          • Fractures from Osteoporosis: Weakened bones leading to susceptible fractures.
          • Rheumatoid Arthritis: An autoimmune condition.
          • Scoliosis: Abnormal spinal curvature.
          • Spinal Stenosis: Narrowing of the spinal canal.
          • Spinal Tumors: Abnormal growths or masses within the spine.

Common Measures for Alleviation

While it’s essential to consult with a healthcare professional for a proper evaluation and personalized advice when addressing back discomfort, there are several common strategies that can provide relief:

Practices Include:

    • Maintain Good Posture: Ensure you maintain proper spine alignment when sitting, standing, and walking.
    • Exercise Regularly: Engage in activities that strengthen your core and back muscles.
    • Stretch Regularly: Incorporate gentle stretches to improve flexibility and relieve tension.
    • Set Up an Ergonomic Workspace: Arrange your workspace ergonomically to reduce strain on your spine.
    • Use Appropriate Lifting Technique: Lift objects using your legs and not your back to prevent strain.
  • Apply Heat and Cold Therapy: Apply heat or cold packs to the affected area for soothing relief.
  • Consider Over-the-Counter Pain Relievers: Think about using non-prescription pain medications for temporary relief.
  • Explore Acupuncture or Chiropractic Care: Consider alternative therapies that may provide relief for some individuals.
  • Manage Stress: Actively practice stress-reduction techniques since high stress levels can exacerbate discomfort.
  • Maintain a Healthy Diet and Manage Your Weight: Keep a balanced diet and a healthy weight to reduce strain on your back.
  • Prioritize Quality Sleep: Ensure you get adequate, restful sleep to support your body’s healing process.
  • Wear Supportive Footwear: Choose comfortable and supportive shoes to promote proper posture.
  • Avoid Prolonged Inactivity: Keep moving regularly to prevent stiffness, especially if you have a sedentary job.
  • Seek Guidance from a Healthcare Professional: Consult a medical specialist if discomfort persists or worsens for a personalized treatment plan.


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